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The information and images below are the opinion of the contributor, are not part of the official entry and do not represent the official position of Historic England. Powered by, E.J. The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority. Our website works best with the latest version of the browsers below, unfortunately your browser is not supported. The whole building was thereafter occupied by the museum, a function continued to the present day (2017). Rudsdale's Journals of Wartime Colchester' in 'Essex Life' magazine, January 2011, see pages 86-89, Buy the book: 'E.J. Seven years later the Essex Archaeological Society held its inaugural excavation in Holytrees Meadow, which was overseen by Dr P M Duncan. It is c7.5m wide with a septaria retaining wall on the north-side. The Roman legionary fortress annexe laid out in AD 44 was located immediately east of the fortress and covered a large area, part of which is beneath Castle Park. The latter formed a study. On the right, sub-divided off by a mid-C18 arcade, is the castle well, which is about 15m deep. In about the late 1060s or 1070s construction of a Norman keep was initiated by the steward Eudo Dapifer on behalf of William the Conqueror. The completed keep was the largest (in area) known to have been built by the Normans. We apologise for this delay. This blog posts extracts from E J Rudsdale's diaries of life on the home front in Britain during the Second World War. People were punished and imprisoned in the Castle for a variety of offences, some of which would not be considered crimes today. The earlier crenellations were retained and incorporated into the outer walls. The number of storeys and layout of the finished keep is uncertain, largely due to damage caused in the C17 (see below), and have been widely debated; the most recent expounded view is that it was only ever two-storeys high (Berridge 2016).Colchester Castle and the town were granted to Eudo Dapifer in 1101. * Historic interest: the site of the first Roman legionary fortress, earliest colony and first provincial capital. Trusted by over 3 million drivers across the UK. Three of these buildings were uncovered in 1920. It is a long rectangular range orientated north-south, c7.5m wide and over 32m long. The lift, modern doors, modern museum displays and fittings, electric lighting and water pipes in the keep are also excluded. However the ground beneath all these features is included. The north, east and west walls abut the Roman temple podium but the south side is placed beyond it. Colchester Castle was built on the foundations that remained of the Temple of the Deified Claudius after it was destroyed. Colchester Castle is located in Essex. 1727. Behind the arch are slots for a portcullis. He attempted to dismantle the towers and walls using gunpowder and excavated the sandy soil beneath the arched foundations in search of treasure, creating the vaults that remain today. 77, (1980), 243-248Wheeler, R, Laver, P, 'Roman Colchester' in The Journal of Roman Studies, , Vol. Please note, we will be closed for Christmas from the 24th – 27th December, as well as on New Years Day. Colchester Castle's Roman Vaults, which were used as an air raid shelter in the Second World War In a letter to his cousin, dated 7th December 1939, Eric describes the use of the Castle Vaults as an air raid shelter: The only way in which we are compelled to acknowledge the existence of the war so far is the use of our vaults for air raid shelters. An intervallum road runs inside it and survives below-ground. Colchester Castle was built on the foundations that remained of the Temple of the Deified Claudius after it was destroyed. The museum features exhibits related to Social History, Decorative and Applied Art, Fine Art, Coins and Medals and Archaeology. They also used material left behind after Boudicca's army had destroyed dwellings and civic buildings in Colchester. © Historic England Archive. PRINCIPAL ELEMENTS Colchester Gaol. The Grade II-listed Hollytrees Museum (but not the adjoining public toilets) has a basement and is completely excluded. It was recovered but suffered damage during the siege and numerous repair works were carried out in the following years. In AD60 Queen Boudica of the Iceni, led a major rebellion against the Roman rulers who submitted to Claudius in AD43. His career flourished during the English Civil war, when suspicion and fear amongst the local communities was intense. The walls are 1.5m wide and constructed of courses of septaria and tile. The Colchester Castle app is installed and runs on 100 android tablets in kiosk mode, which are hired out to visitors during their visit to the castle museum, meaning this project also serves as a functioning revenue tool. The latter were added in the mid-C18 when the keep was mistakenly thought to be a Roman building; ‘Mediterranean style’ tiles were therefore considered to be in-keeping. Today, the castle has become a popular visitor attraction and is surrounded by Castle Park. The north-east turret contains a barrel-vaulted room. The space immediately outside the prison cells includes several timber posts with arched braces supporting the floor above; these were possibly added when a museum exhibit was inserted into the building in the 1930s. Faced with a lack of good quality building stone, the Normans used the ruins of Roman Colchester to provide most of the brick and stone that they needed. It was for a time the capital of Roman Britain, and is a member of the Most Ancient European Towns Network. This copy shows the entry on 09-Dec-2020 at 19:13:25. It opens out onto a landing, which was originally accessed via a flight of timber steps. The southern end of the eastern arm of the defences are visible as a landscaped ditch, whilst the western arm is marked by a slight rise near the course of Ryegate Road. The bailey walls were dismantled and the stone sold in 1649. The keep is largely spanned by a C20 felt and glass roof but there are shallow-pitched tiled roofs to the south side, apse, south-west turret and north-west turret. There are several channels in the floor, as well as a sump-hole 1m square and 0.5m deep. Much of the wall’s circuit is still upstanding and passes east to west across the northern boundary of Castle Park (Scheduled Monument No.1003772). This is considered to be the largest Roman arcade in Britain. Find and reserve guaranteed parking near Colchester Castle. @lordharnam66 / Via instagram.com In the 1200s, it … It has the footings of a monumental entrance arch or gateway at the centre. Evidence indicates it was preceded by a decline and contraction in the settlement. Hence the street blocks beneath it include from north to south: insula 6 and 7, insula 14 and 15, and insula 22 (the Roman temple). Essex postcard - Rose Gardens, Chalkwell Park, Westcliff on Sea (A195) $1.96 + $0.97 shipping . The castle has had various uses since it ceased to be a royal castle. People were punished and imprisoned in the Castle for a variety of offences, some of which would not be considered crimes today. Built from 1076 (some say from 1069) and completed in around 1100, Colchester Castle was constructed under the order of King William I for use as a royal fortress. Colchester Hythe Station is 14 minutes by foot and Colchester … There are notable medieval ruins in Colchester, including the surviving gateway of the Benedictine abbey of St John the Baptist (known locally as "St John's Abbey"), and the ruins of the Augustinian priory of St Botolph (known locally as " St Botolph's … The first exhibition of the group showed 37 artists and took place in Colchester Castle. Partial excavation has recorded the denuded remains of the eastern defences surviving below-ground. The corridor house is separated from these two buildings by an open passage at the west. Most of the Norman hall-keep remains upstanding, including considerable architectural detail of the entrance, chapel, corner turrets and outer walls; The castle is … Also, what extra fittings that have been provided, seats, lavatory etc., do not in anyway interfere with the structure, and in fact do not even stop the usual conducted tours of the place. Partial excavation has uncovered a vaulted drain that ran underneath a metalled road outside the north-west corner of this range. At Colchester there were the remains of a large Roman camp and temple on which it was decided to build a new castle. Gundulf, the Bishop of Rochester took control of the construction as well as the White Tower in London and building work may have started in 1080. The apsidal projection may have been influenced by an earlier castle at Ivry-la-Bataille, Normandy, of c1000. It was a fortress palace which shared similarities in design to the White Tower, London, (built from c1075-9) particularly an apsidal projection for a chapel at the south-east corner, and Norwich Castle (c1100). In 1892 Dr Henry Laver directed excavations during the laying out of Castle Park. The upper bailey was divided into yards and gardens in around the mid-C17, and houses began to encroach onto the site of the bailey ditch. Excavations have shown that Anglo-Saxon Grubenhäuser (sunken-featured buildings) were constructed from about the early C5. Every effort has been made to make Colchester Castle a great place to visit for everybody. The crypt of the keep was opened as a museum holding archaeological collections in 1860. Shortlisted for ‘Best Rescue of an Industrial Building or Site’ Angel Award in 2012, Michaela Strivens: Upside down world, Wallington, London Suburbs, Read about our latest aerial investigation methods. At the end of the siege two Royalists; Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle, were held in the room now known as the ‘Lucas Vault’ within the castle before being executed by firing squad on 28th August 1648. Shop now. The High Street appears to have been diverted to skirt the outer edge of it. The app was predominantly to focus on Colchester Castle, but was also to incorporate a section dedicated to the wider heritage available around Colchester town centre, including suggested walking trails and interactive interest points. The walls are nearly 4m wide at the base with foundations c7.5m deep. The superstructure of the temple no longer survives; its place being occupied by the keep. The north wall of the colony survives as upstanding remains and is a separate scheduling (List entry No.1003772) that passes east to west across the north boundary of Castle Park. Colchester Castle is a beautifully preserved Norman stronghold with a rich history dating back to Roman times. Using an old browser means that some parts of our website might not work correctly. Beam slots in the walls indicate the position of the original timber floor. Colchester Castle was originally built to protect against Scandinavian attacks from the sea, and to assert power over the surrounding land. on the site. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a sort of national diary, mentions Colchester in the year 917 when it the English recaptured it from the Danes. This was probably the lower (or ‘nether’) bailey located between the northern defences of the upper bailey and the town wall. The walls of the former temple precinct were upstanding at this time and substantial parts of it were buried beneath the ramparts. Set in Europe’s largest Norman keep, come and explore the mysterious goings on that have caused several members of the Castle team to disappear! Her primary target was the colony, which was sacked and largely destroyed. This is considered to be the largest Roman arcade in Britain, including a monumental arch or gateway at the centre. Colchester Castle will be welcoming visitors from Wednesday 2nd December. Conservation work to the historic fabric was carried out in the 1980s and in 2013-14.INVESTIGATION HISTORY 1123675). The bespoke system we created for this project allows the content to be updated through a backend system and remains private from the public download. The south side of the precinct was formed by a monumental arcade resting on a foundation platform c4.5m wide and 1.6m deep. In 1648, during the Second English Civil War, the Royalist leaders Sir Charles Lucas and Sir George Lisle were executed just to the rear of the castle. The podium (raised platform) of the temple survives as the base of the Norman keep. The surviving building, 46.3 m. × 33.5 m., is the largest Norman keep in England, larger than … Following the revolt, the Roman colony was re-built and a town wall constructed. In a letter to his cousin, dated 7th December 1939, Eric describes the use of the Castle Vaults as an air raid shelter: The only way in which we are compelled to acknowledge the existence of the war so far is the use of our vaults for air raid shelters. Trusted by over 3 million drivers across the UK. They are constructed of coursed rubble, consisting of septaria, Roman tile and ragstone, with dressings of ashlar (Barnack, Caen and other freestones) and Roman tile. The cella was flanked with columns to each side but had a solid wall at the rear. Simple theme. The chapel was subsequently rebuilt in masonry. An aisle may have run along the east side of the Great Hall; the possible scar of an arcade is visible in the north wall. Immediately west of the chapel is a library, added in 1754-5 for Charles Gray, which now serves as a museum learning space; ‘The Charles Gray Room’. To the south and west are the buried masonry sills and concrete floors of two or more timber-framed buildings. 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