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importance of mangrove planting in the philippines

Article Google Scholar Yao CE (1985) A walk in the Bakawan plantation of Banacon … It grows well in tropical countries, including the Philippines. Restoration Ecology and its archive. GradesFixer. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/mangroves-importance-and-threats/, Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email, *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content. Mangroves are salt-water loving trees and they are a vital ecosystem for conservation in the Philippines. Of these 73 species, 37 are found in the Philippines. This was observed as a threat in Samar Island, Philippines (Mendoza and Alura, 2001). Philippine coasts have a powerful natural defense: their mangroves. This is a list of threatened plant and animal species in the Philippines as classified by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Typhoon “Yolanda” in 2013 and the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, among others, have highlighted the importance of mangroves in coastal protection. The frequent usage of these common names reflects the usefulness/economic importance of mangroves in the daily lives of the people. In a study from 2014, mangrove forests were found to provide ecosystem services (benefits to humans) valued at $194,000 per hectare annually. Alongi (2002) reports that approximately one-third of the worlds mangrove forests have been lost. If rainforests can store a ton of carbon per hectare, mangrove forests can store up to four times more acting as effective carbon sinks deterring global warming. planting mangroves. Large areas of mangrove forests may often be cleared to make way for shrimp aquaculture in developing countries (Primavera, 1993, Adeel and Pomeroy, 2002). The importance of mangroves and the threats to their persistence have long been recognized, leading to actions taken locally, by national governments, and through international agreements for their protection. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you. The Philippines is considered as a megadiverse country in terms of marine flora and fauna. It includes Vulnerable (VU), Endangered (EN), Critically Endangered (CR), and recently Extinct (EX) species. The mangrove ecosystem in the Philippines generally includes the following components: Trees and other plant species constituting about 47 true mangroves and associate species. The CEP brings into fore the community-based strategy … Tannins from mangroves are also used to coat and preserve wood, nets and fishing gear as well as for cloth-dyeing. The most diverse mangrove forests are found in Southeast Asia. Providing training to officals and people living near the mangroves on the importance of ... She is one of the many people working passionately to restore, protect, and grow mangroves in Tacloban in the Philippines. THE importance of mangroves was highlighted when Supertyphoon Yolanda pummeled the country. Flora and fauna of the island include swamps, mangrove forest that provide a habitat for some migratory bird species which include the black-crowned night heron, Chinese Egret, Philippine duck, and the common moorhen. Harvested for durable, water-resistant wood, mangroves have been used in building houses, boats, pilings, and furniture. Practitioners must therefore replant with proper mangrove species to reduce storm damages. This pattern held across a diversity of sites, including plantations that had not been selectively cut or weeded. Want us to write one just for you? They grow mangrove seedlings in greenhouses and then transplant them into mudflats along the ocean’s edge. A number of efforts on mangrove conservation and rehabilitation have been completed in the country. Mangrove thickets improve water quality by filtering pollutants and trapping sediments from the land, and they reduce coastal erosion. Philippines: mangrove reforestation. Mangroves provide several ecological and socio-economic services to coastal communities valued at US$ 292,000/ha (UNEP 2007). Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Wolfe et al, 2000) and they can be used as filters for aquaculture effluent, namely from shrimp ponds (Robertson and Phillips, 1995). Mangrove forest is also known as the “rainforest of the sea”. Original draft of this paper presented at the Tropical Restoration for the New Millennium International Conference, San Juan, Puerto Rico, May 23‐28, 1999. The replanting, as well as the spread of mangroves growing naturally in adjacent barangays, or hamlets, had a huge impact in 2008, when Typhoon Fengshen, known in the Philippines as Typhoon Frank, battered Aklan province, says Allan Angelo Quimpo, son … Water. 2020 © gradesfixer.com. Mangroves are essential to maintaining water quality. In fact, in the Philippines, mangrove wood has been widely used as fuel for bakeries due to their high heat and charcoal value. Importance of Using Native Trees in Reforestation June 24, 2015. Growing and planting mangroves The structure of a mangrove forest at any one point in time will be a function of its stage in succession, the species present, zonation, growth and primary productivity, mortality and survival, propagule dispersal, establishment and survival as well as seedling and sapling growth and survival. But the replanting of existing mangroves on seafronts is seldom successful because it occurs in water that is too deep or with mangroves that are not resistant. On World Mangrove Day (26 July 2016) we’re highlighting one of the most ecologically and economically important ecosystems in the world, the mangrove forest. Philippine mangroves chart (2.17 MB) The country has had a problem of mangrove forests being turned into aquaculture ponds, but since the 1930s and to the present, this problem has slowly been addressed through mangrove planting initiatives. Planting Mangroves for Coastal Protection in the Philippines 17 August 2018 Mangroves are important breeding grounds for aquatic life as well as nesting places for birdlife and absorbers of carbon in the atmosphere. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. The Philippines is known to be one of the mangrove biodiversity centers in the world (next to Indonesia). What better way to experience mangroves than to actually stick your feet into the nutrient-rich mud and plant a mangrove sapling! Due to their coastal location, mangroves maintain coastal water quality (English et al, 1997) form a barrier for coastal protection from wave storm and flood damage (Yoshiro et al, 1997). Most of the Philippines’ vegetation is indigenous and largely resembles that of Malaysia; the plants and trees of the coastal areas, including the mangrove swamps, are practically identical with those of similar regions throughout the Malay Archipelago.Himalayan elements occur in the mountains of northern Luzon, while a few Australian types are found at various altitudes. Mangroves are also used by many indigenous peoples for traditional uses including as a source of medicine (see Bandaranayake, 1998 for a review) as well as for building materials (Walters, 2005). Planting mangroves is one way of protecting coasts from major damage. We’ve got you covered. If you fit this description, you can use our free essay samples to generate ideas, get inspired and figure out a title or outline for your paper. It has proved devastating for local … “Mangroves support the natural food chain by forming a link between the land and the sea. They are also home to important juvenile fishes such as snappers and parrotfishes. They grow in land sediment between fresh and sea water. Mangroves develop at the interface between land and sea in tropical and sub-tropical latitudes where they exist in conditions of high salinity, extreme tides, strong winds, high temperatures and muddy, anaerobic soils. These areas are hard-hitting places for plants to grow. There are estimated forty species, came from sixteen families, considered as true mangroves (Primavera et al 2004). Of the approximately 400,290 ha of mangrove areas of the Philippines, only 117,700 ha exists (Forest Statistics, 1995). This alarming situation has called for an immediate action on the part of the government giving rise to the DENR’s Coastal Environment Program (CEP) of which mangrove rehabilitation is an integral component. Plant mangroves on the entire 190-kilometer coastline of Manila Bay. Importance of Using Native Trees in Reforestation June 24, 2015 . Today is International Mangrove Day and here are just a few reasons we should care about mangroves – and invest in protecting them: 1. The CO must see to it that the community is fully aware of the need and importance of rehabilitating the mangrove areas. Another element to consider is the ‘right mix’ of species – as some mangroves tolerate greater salt water flooding than others (an important consideration with sea level rise due to climate change). Walters BB (2000) Local mangrove planting in the Philippines: are fisherfolk and fishpond owners effective restorationists? Mangroves are extremely important to the coastal ecosystems they inhabit. Local fisherfolk and fishpond owners have been practicing “restoration” of mangrove forests in some parts of the Philippines for decades, well before governments and non‐government organizations began to promote the activity as a conservation tool. Biodiversity. Compared with natural forests, mangrove plantations were characterized by high densities of small stems, shorter and … In 2007 the Philippine government declared the Freedom Island a … But mangrove forests are important in many more ways. Mangroves can capture ... ZSL planting mangroves in the Philippines. factors affecting propagules or succession in mangrove forests and attempt to bring together the relevant literature to see what controls these and how these effect mangrove forest structure. Oil spills may also cause large-scale damage to mangrove ecosystems (Duke et al, 1997). Log in here. There may also be fisheries that involve taking directly from the mangrove (e.g. All rights reserved Gradesfixer ™, Mangroves: Importance and Threats [Internet]. ZSL Community-based Mangrove Rehabilitation Manual (10.27 MB) 3. In most cases, they approach mangrove restoration as if they were planting a forest on land. Like coral reefs, mangrove forests are extremely productive ecosystems that provide numerous goods and services both to the marine environment and people. For these reasons, many tropical countries have considered the sustainable management of mangroves as major priorities in biodiversity conservation (Macintosh and Ashton 2002). By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy. recognized throughout the world as being mangroves. Citing Literature. Home — Essay Samples — Environment — Trees — Mangroves: Importance and Threats. Compared with natural forests, mangrove plantations were characterized by high densities of small stems, shorter and narrower canopies, and fewer species. Log in here. Primavera and Esteban (2008) reviewed eight mangrove rehabilitation projects in the Philippines and found out that despite heavy funding in the hundreds of millions of dollars to rehabilitate thousands of hectares of mangroves over the last two decades, the long-term survival rates of mangroves are generally low at 10–20 %. With their dense network of roots and … The importance of mangrove forests with the ecosystem services they provide has … There are obviously many factors to consider and to analyze each one of the above components and relate them to mangrove forest structure (and each other) would turn into a complicated exercise in ecological modeling (such attempts have been made (e.g. Tuvalu Mangrove Planting. Restoration Ecology and its archive. Read the … Mangrove forests grow along the coast in fine, salty sediments across the tropics and sub-tropics. The Philippines is rehabilitating its mangrove forests, but local researchers say the government is planting the trees in the wrong areas and pumping large amounts of money into big but less successful projects. The Hagonoy municipality, located beside the Manila Bay, is hit by heavy flooding every year because of torrential rain. Having trouble finding the perfect essay? This review instead of investigating all possible influences on mangrove forest structure will look at more broad topics e.g. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Learn more. Home to an incredible array of species, mangroves … With this scenario at hand, the mayor emphasised the importance of planting mangroves in all coastal barangays. Students who find writing to be a difficult task. There are 26 common species dominated by the bakauan (Rhizoporaceae) family. Mangrove forests are highly diverse coastal ecosystems that that play a crucial role as a nursery for marine life, thus ensuring bountiful fishing in the future. The growing population among coastal villages has increased the demands for these materials. “Whatever is exposed by low tide should be planted with [mangrove] propagules. We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling. We will occasionally send you account related emails. Although mangroves cover vast areas of tropical and sub-tropical coasts in many of these areas they are found to be under threat from a variety of anthropogenic activities. Mangrove, any of certain shrubs and trees that belong primarily to the families Rhizophoraceae, Acanthaceae, Lythraceae, Combretaceae, and Arecaceae; that grow in dense thickets or forests along tidal estuaries, in salt marshes, and on muddy coasts; and that characteristically have prop roots—i.e., exposed supporting roots.The term mangrove also applies to thickets and forests of such plants. We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay. ZSL's team of mangrove researchers have published the following manuals: 1. Current SER members receive complimentary access to Restoration Ecology. Biological diversity of coastal plants in the country is one of the richest in the world (Calumpong and Menez, 1997). Environ Conserv 30:293–303 . This essay has been submitted by a student. Of the approximately 400,290 ha of mangrove areas of the Philippines, only 117,700 ha exists (Forest Statistics, 1995). Doc Ferds Recio will journey to Balangkayan, Eastern Samar to look into the abundant wildlife there and find out the importance of mangrove forests not only to animals but also to man. The Vietnam Red Cross is dedicated in protecting and planting Mangrove forests since 1994 in Vietnam. The mangrove planting took place on 24 January 2015 in the Tañon Strait Protected Seascape, the largest protected area in the Philippines. Mangrove forest is also known as the “rainforest of the sea”. Community benefit: Refurbishment of a handicraft center. Primavera and Esteban (2008) reviewed eight mangrove rehabilitation projects in the Philippines and found out that despite heavy funding in the hundreds of millions of dollars to rehabilitate thousands of hectares of mangroves over the last two decades, the long-term survival rates of mangroves are generally low at 10–20 %. Mangroves are also important breeding grounds for juvenile fish that stock many offshore adult populations including fishery species (Nagelkerken et al, 2000), and can also sustain fisheries through their nutrient export (Robertson et al, 1991). Many coastal habitats, including mangroves, coral reefs and salt marshes, can significantly reduce flooding and erosion, and thus protect people and property from the damages caused by storms, sea level rise and king tides. This can be the most expensive approach to restoration since any investment is wasted when planted seeds or seedlings fail to survive. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you. Two of the main reasons cited are inappropriate species and sites because the ideal sites have been converted to brackish water fishponds. Most reforestation efforts in the country focus on the use of foreign or exotic trees, selected primarily for their ability to grow faster and germinate easily. More on mangroves . In 2018, Herrmann teamed up with the Mama Earth Foundation to found the Malizia Mangrove Park in the Philippines. Mangroves are a source of alcohol, medicines, tannin, timber, and housing materials. DENR is targeting to plant mangroves in more than 50K hectares of swamps, ... around 46 species exist in the Philippines. Mangrove planters were interviewed and plantation and natural mangrove forests were surveyed to measure forest structure, composition and regeneration. Help prevents soil erosion. But this proved to be ineffective as exotic trees have detrimental effect on the ecosystem. Despite restoration efforts, developers and others have removed over half of the world’s mangroves in recent times. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec, Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. Important ecological and economic benefits result from local mangrove planting, but catalyzing diverse forest regeneration—at least in the short to medium term—is not one of them. We examine threats to the persistence of mangroves, consequences, and … That way, we can survive from fishing when the mine ceases to operate.” Manual on Mangrove Reversion of Abandoned and Illegal Brackishwater Fishponds (2.92 MB) 2. Mangrove planting project in Nanumea atoll. By high densities of small importance of mangrove planting in the philippines, shorter and narrower canopies, and coastal. Original, 100 % plagiarism FREE essay: this is not allowed on website., is hit by heavy flooding every year because of torrential rain also known as the “ of. Height of 1.5 meter after 3 years and sites because the ideal sites have massive. Such as snappers and parrotfishes into mudflats along the coast in fine, sediments! 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