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Your one stop shop for gas, groceries, and goodies! Most conflicts with bears can be prevented by removing common food attractants around homes. The official athletics website for the University of Maine Black Bears Boasting one of the largest black bear populations in the eastern U.S., hunters harvest approximately 3,400 annually of the estimated 30,000 in Maine. Less than half of newborn cubs may die before reaching their first birthday, with starvation being a major cause of death. Beginning in 1990, a bear hunting permit has been required to hunt bears in September and October. Our current management goal for bears is to provide hunting, trapping, and viewing opportunity for bears. Females use areas of 6-9 miles squared in Maine. Radiocollars are helpful for monitoring black bears because their secretive nature makes them difficult to observe. In addition, Maine bears enter winter dens earlier when fall natural food shortages occur. A rise in permit fees in 2003 (resident $5.00 to $25.00; non-residents $15.00 to $65.00) and the down turn in the US economy have likely contributed to declining resident and non-resident hunter participation in recent years. Males are roughly 40 inches tall at the shoulder and measure 5 to 6 feet from nose to tail; females are about 30 inches tall at the shoulder and 4 to 5 feet long. Maine has 69,050 km2 of bear habitat, consisting of mostly second-growth conifer-deciduous forest that provides an ample supply of bear foods (berries, nuts, fruits, and carrion). 3. Although they’re omnivorous, their diet is mostly vegetarian. The remaining 25% comes primarily from hunting and fishing license sales. Cubs stay with their mother for up to a year and a half, with as much as the first five months spent in the den. Harvest regulations are applied uniformly statewide, with no regional controls on hunting effort. Cubs enter dens with their mother the following fall. See More: Tracking Maine Black Bears | Photos. Bears in Maine utilize a wide assortment of natural foods, and the food types that are available in each study area are quite different. Stop by and say "Hi!" These hunters and the rules that control their methods are the tools that managers use to ensure the bear population is not overharvested and to keep the bear population from "crossing the line". The fall documents a period when bears are feeding intensively to build fat stores for surviving a winter of fasting. We regulate bear numbers primarily through annual hunting and trapping harvests. 2. While the number of bears harvested by hunters each year is known, the number dying from other causes and the numbers entering the population must be determined by our research. Another reason for our stellar safety record could be that Maine only has black bears- the smallest (between 200-600 lbs, which is small for a bear), most docile of all the bears. Fax: (207) 287-8094 or (207) 287-6395 Supporters were confident that the 2014 measure would fare better than its decade-old predecessor. Because these cubs stay with their mother for 16 months and den with her the following winter, we can also determine how many cubs survive to one year of age (known as yearlings). About 30,000 black bears (Ursus americanus) live in New England. Joe Holland Fishing 4,265 views In 2001, the Department set new management goals and objectives to direct bear management through 2015 based upon the recommendations of a public working group representing diverse interests. YEAR long Trail Camera in the North Maine Woods:Moose, Bear, Fisher, Marten, Lynx, Deer, Coyote - Duration: 7:08. By contrast, humans on bed rest for a similar length of time, although eating a balanced diet, have lost 54 percent of their muscle strength. One of our most celebrated and treasured animals is the black bear. Alert: Stay up to date on Maine's COVID-19 Response, Home → Fish & Wildlife → Wildlife → Species Information → Mammals → Black Bears. Over the past century, conflicts between bears and humans in Maine have lessened with changes in agricultural practices, the decline of farming, increased interest in bear hunting, and the species’ rise in status as a game animal. Black bears are omnivorous, and although they eat mostly vegetative matter, meat is a very high energy food and they seek it out whenever possible. Bears routinely come to my bird feeder this time of year to see if they can steal it. Although most black bears are not much larger than humans, their weight can vary tremendously with the season of the year. Nearly 50 percent of cubs don’t survive their first year, often due to starvation. scare that happened on a trail in Maine when a man trained to run marathons came face-to-face with two black bears. A female black bear and her three cubs in my backyard near Bangor, Maine. Fewer than 1 percent of Maineâs black bears die in the winter, Cross has found, their lowest mortality of any season (the stateâs bear population is estimated at 31,000). Throughout the summer, males travel over large areas to enhance their chances for encountering mates. 716 views This setting should only be used on your home or work computer. More recently, cubs are born in both years in northern Maine, following several years of lower but consistent beechnut crops. Maine's first football team was fielded in 1892. They will try to avoid humans as much as humans try to avoid them. When they emerge from their winter den as yearling bears, they remain with their mother until she goes into estrus in the spring. 10. Bears in Maine (Gray, Rumford, Bethel: buy, living in, fence) User Name: Remember Me: Password : Please register to participate in our discussions with 2 million other members - it's free and quick! In order to maintain a stable bear population, we must have a good understanding of the number of bears entering the population (recruitment) to replace losses. Physical Address: Get A Taste of Maine. To learn more about preventing bear conflicts in back yards, while camping, hiking, see Living with Black Bears. Nutrition plays a major role in determining the number of cubs that are produced, and cub survival through their first year. The group Mainers for Fair Bear Hunting officially sponsored the measure. They have a brown muzzle, and occasionally a white throat or chest patch or "blaze". 133 were here. 8. Book a Cabin Call us Bears are intelligent, and adapt rapidly to new food sources, including agricultural crops and food placed to attract other wildlife, such as bird feeders, and untended garbage. Black bear hunting can be dangerous, which is why those wishing to enjoy Maine bear hunting season should seek â¦ Table 1. The Maine Black Bears are the athletic teams that represent the University of Maine.A member of the America East Conference, the University of Maine sponsors teams in eight men's and nine women's NCAA sanctioned sports.The men's and women's ice hockey teams are members of Hockey East, and the football team is an associate member of the Colonial Athletic Association 2. Bears are sometimes injured or killed in vehicle collisions. If a female is unable to store sufficient body fat prior to entering the den, the pregnancy is terminated. Black bears lead solitary lives, except for breeding pairs, family groups comprised of adult females and their offspring, and occasional aggregations at concentrated food sources. Because cubs remain with their mother for 16-18 months, female bears do not breed in the summer following the birth of their cubs. Although bears eat meat, their diet is primarily vegetarian, including early greening grasses, clover, and the buds of hardwood trees in the spring, fruits and berries in summer, and beechnuts, acorns, and hazelnuts in the fall. Baiting bears is a problematic and reckless practice." We are a growing team of visually impaired hockey players... you read that right! See our living with wildlife page to learn more about how you can minimize conflicts with bears. Adult males average 250-600 pounds, and measure 5-6 feet from tip of nose to the tip of their tail. Females are smaller, weighing 100-400 pounds, and measuring 4-5 feet in length. Maine Blind Bears. The variables that cause these differences are many and complicated and are not easy to predict, measure, or even identify. The combined effects of all these complex variables on bears are most easily measured by continually monitoring the bears' successes and failures directly in their dens. 10 Things to Know About Maine Black Bears. 4. The bear â¦ Male black bears can weigh up to 600 pounds but average about 250 to 350 pounds, while females grow to only 100 to 200 pounds. Starting in 2008, trappers and non-resident deer hunters are required to purchase a permit to harvest a black bear. Females usually bear two or three cubs every other year in the winter den. The Department also changed the focus of the project by using radiocollared females in each study area to represent bears across the state that are living in similar habitat conditions to that study area. Maine is home to the largest population of black bears in the lower 48 states. Maineâs wilderness is home to over 25,000 moose. In Maine, black bears are found nearly statewide, but are most common in northern and eastern Maine and are rarely found in the heavily settled southern and central-coastal regions. Males stand about 40 inches tall at the shoulder; females seldom exceed 30 inches in height. Although, female bears remain within or near the range of their mother their entire life, male bears disperse long distances (often up to 100 miles) as subadults (1-4 years of age) prior to settling into adult ranges that may exceed 100 miles squared. We have Home Style Cooking and Daily Specials! Bears are not true hibernators, but instead enter torpor, a state of dormancy during which their body temperature and metabolic rate drop. Bears are not considered efficient predators, but they are known to prey on young deer and moose in late spring, and will consume carrion. Baiting for bears is commonâit's legal in 23 of the 32 U.S. states that allow black bear huntingâbut it's a particularly touchy issue i n Maine because the â¦ The Department's bear monitoring program is an ongoing source of information providing biologists with the information necessary to properly manage this valuable wildlife resource. They are amazingly adaptable to human presence, and are able to survive in close proximity to housing developments and suburban areas wherever escape cover exists. At that time, the Spectacle Pond area was lightly hunted; whereas, bears in the Stacyville area experienced heavy hunting pressure. Although most black bears are not much larger than humans, their weight can vary tremendously with the season of the year. They’ve been known to prey on young deer or moose. Bears are long-lived animals, capable of surviving 30 years in the wild. These encounters are on the rise and Matt Gutman has details. Search Filters Our management goals and objectives are set by interested members of the public that have reviewed and discussed the latest MDIFW bear assessment (Public Working Group). Bears are opportunists, and feed on a wide range of vegetation and animal matter. Recent studies indicate that bears lose about 25 percent of their body weight and 29 percent of their muscle strength during torpor. Hunt includes: 6 days of hunting with 7 nights lodging, Meals, Transportation while hunting and field dressing. Each fall, bear hunters enter the Maine woods in hopes of harvesting a black bear. Maine is blessed with a healthy, stable population of black bear, conservatively estimated at 35,000. It is "our finger on the pulse of the bear population". Our population objective is to stabilize the bear population (no significant increase or decrease in numbers) through traditional hunting and trapping activities. 5. When feeding on a concentrated food source, bears may use areas as small as several acres; when searching for dispersed food or mates, they can cover several miles in a day. MAINE COAST SOLAR BARES is a non-profit and non-landed organization, registered with the State of Maine, founded to promote the social clothing optional lifestyle. All black bear hunts are on active bait sites with comfortable metal ladder stands or ground blinds. The Maine black bear monitoring program is a long-term project designed to continually gather data regarding the status of our bear population. The black bear has a straight facial profile and a massive skull. With limited funding, we can more efficiently measure cub production and survival directly during our winter den visits. Due to their high winter body temperatures, a benefit of their large bodies and thick pelts, black bears are among the most highly efficient hibernators in North America. In the spring, it takes about two weeks after rousing from torpor for bears to return to normal activity levels. We have found marked differences in reproduction, survival, and recruitment between study areas as well as within study areas over time while habitat and weather conditions change. Forestry practices are continually evolving, which changes the world the bears live in and the food they depend on. Therefore, conflicts between bears and farmers, beekeepers and orchardists, and rural residents in the State can occur. THE BEAR'S DEN ~ 207.564.8733 ~ DOVER-FOXCROFT, ME â We would love to see you! Black bears are found in most forested areas from Mexico north to the edge of the tree line in Canada and Alaska. Today, hunting pressure is more evenly distributed across the bears' range in Maine. Radiocollars send out a signal revealing each bear's location in her den as she hibernates under the winter snow. Maine’s bear population remained fairly stable through 2005, but has been increasing over the last 5 years and our current estimate is between 24,000 and 36,000 bears. Adult males average 250-600 pounds, and measure 5-6 feet from tip of nose to the tip of their tail. The black bear, featured above at the Maine Wildlife Park in Gray, is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States. This ingress of bears into southern Maine is associated with a gradual increase in the bear population, from less than 20,000 to more than 30,000 during that time. PORTLAND, Maine (AP) â Maine wildlife officials are asking residents to take precautions to avoid unwanted confrontations with black bears. This long period of parental care leads to females bears producing litters every other year. Bear cubs are born with blue eyes, which turn brown during their first summer. They don’t eat, drink, or excrete waste and are more easily awakened than true hibernators. The spring represents a period of food stress, as most bears emerge from the den. We tag the ears of all cubs and yearlings to identify them. The black bear is the smallest of the three species of bears inhabiting North America (black, brown/grizzly, and polar), has the widest distribution on the continent, and is the only bear living in the eastern United States. Since 1990, Maine’s bear season framework has remained fairly constant with a 3-month fall hunting season that opens the last Monday in August and closes the last Saturday in November. We have learned a lot about bears in Maine over the last 35 years, but we are still discovering new things. In 1981, the Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife took over Roy's project and established a new study area near Bradford (north of Old Town) in 1982. Our hunting season for Maine black bear will start on August 31st,2020 and bait season will run until September 26th,2020 which is the last day our black bear hunters can legally harvest a Maine black bear hunting from a bait site. For example, if we found that our radiocollared females in our study area in the northern commercial forest were particularly successful in raising their cubs in a given year, then we would assume that other females living in the northern commercial forest were also very successful. For the first 8 years, Maine residents purchased the majority of permits and permit numbers fluctuated between 10,000 and 11,000 (Table 1). Black bears mate during the early summer months. Bears can run at speeds of up to 35 miles per hour. However, if they do survive and can avoid the other main cause of death — 90 percent of adult black bear mortality is due to hunting and other human activities — they can live to about 30 years old in the wild. Cubs weigh about 12 ounces at birth, and depend on their mother for warmth and nutrition during the remainder of the winter. Bears stoâ¦ They grow to 4-10 pounds by mid-late April, when the mother leads them away from the den. Bears store body fat during the fall months to supply energy during their long winter denning period, and are heaviest in late fall. We are located at 73 North St, Dover-Foxcroft, Maine and on ITS 82 with easy access to the Trail System for Snowmobiling, ATV's & Biking. About 30,000 black bears (Ursus americanus) live in New England. And yes, they love honey. Male black bears can weigh up to 600 pounds but average about 250 to 350 pounds, while females grow to only 100 to 200 pounds. Trapping bears with foot-snares allows us to collar new bears to replace collared bears that have died or that have been lost due to malfunctioning collars. 284 State Street Females are smaller, weighing 100-400 pounds, and measuring 4-5 feet in length. Bears were bountied as vermin until 1957, but were granted game species status in 1969 when mandatory monitoring of annual harvests began. A reassessment of the past, present, and future status of bears, their habitat, and demands on the bear resource was completed in 1999. The funds from this federal tax (known as Pittman-Robertson funds) pay for about 75% of the cost of the program. Within a year, non-resident participation exceeded resident participation. Periodic trapping efforts are necessary to maintain a representative sample of bears in each study area. 6. To prevent conflicts with black bears each spring (April 1-October 1): Each year, primarily in the spring and early summer, the Department receives numerous calls from homeowners when bears have destroyed bird feeders or disturbed garbage. This work is possible thanks to a federal tax on firearms, ammunition and other hunting related items. Although most black bears are not much larger than humans, their weight can vary tremendously with the season of the year. The information we use to assess the bear population and bear habitat is documented in a written bear management system (PDF) developed in1986, which contains criteria for decision-making and management options. Although males become sexually mature at 1-2 years of age, most do not participate in breeding until they have reached full adult size, at about 4-6 years in Maine. In addition, Maine has a small human population (1.3 million) that is mostly concentrated in the southern third of the state where bear densities are lower and therefore bear-human conflicts are less numerous. Black bears require forests for protection and food. Maine is home to more than 35,000 of the bears, up from just 23,000 less than 15 years ago, and the state wants to better manage that population growth â¦ The Maine Black Bears football program is the intercollegiate American football team for the University of Maine located in the U.S. state of Maine. The program began as a study in 1975 when Roy Hugie in cooperation with the Department established 2 study areas consisting of 4 townships each - Spectacle Pond (20 miles West of Ashland) and Stacyville (near Patten). The annual bag limit is 2 bears per year with one taken by either hunting or trapping or both. Grizzlies were once found as far east as modern day Ohio. Bears often make trips up to 40 miles outside of their ranges to feed on berries or nuts (or occasionally to an orchard or field of oats or corn) in late summer or fall. Bears store body fat during the fall months to supply energy during their long winter denning period, and are heaviest in late fall. 7. After the spring bear hunt in Ontario was closed in 1999, non-resident hunters became more interested in hunting black bears in Maine. By the time bears in Maine reach 2 years of age their survival exceeds 90%, and nearly all deaths of adult bears are due to hunting or other human-related causes. Do not try to capture these bears by yourself. Black bear are the most timid and least dangerous of the bears found in North America. The Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife (MDIFW) is charged with managing Maine's abundant wildlife resources. Population and Harvest Trends Bears were believed to inhabit the entire state at the time of European settlement. Maine Black Bear biologist says a lack of natural food will force bears to find other food sources like back yard bird feeders and trash Author: Shannon Moss (NEWS CENTER Maine) Published: 5:29 PM EDT May 19, 2020 These goals are set about every 15 years. By 2002, permit sales peaked at over 15,000. A large part of our bear monitoring program involves trapping and radiocollaring bears in late spring and early summer. We will consider increasing hunting opportunities to meet bear management goals, if hunter participation continues to decline, especially during the early bear season. This may include advice on taking in bird feeders, handling outside trash, and how to prevent damage to agricultural crops. This assessment (PDF) provides the scientific basis for management goals. Augusta, ME 04333-0041, Phone: (207) 287-8000 A black bear got caught on camera raiding my neighbor’s beehive last summer. Maineâs biological carrying capacity for bears was estimated to be 36,515 bears (range 31,299 â â¦ Bears are compact, with stocky legs, small eyes, short, rounded ears, short curved claws, and a short, inconspicuous tail. Represents a period when bears are visited each winter in their dens, which us! 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