>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs (2). Could Aztec children go to the market on their own? Do people still sacrifice animals? default What is the strangest thing you have ever learnt about the Aztecs? Cortés showed great diplomacy and cunning to protect the eyes of the Indian prestige enjoyed by the Spaniards. Had Moctezuma not believed that Cortes was Quetzalcoatl, Cortes wouldn't have been shown into the center of the city in the first place because of their already established reputation basically as violent intruders to the native land, nor would they have been given lavish gifts of gold. Why Quetzalcoatl in particular? He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. Montezuma believed that Cortés was the legendary god Quetzalcoatl, who had left Mexico and promised to return in 1519. In the 19th century making fake pieces was hugely popular... Colours had several layers of meaning in ancient Mexico... Nahuatl surnames that still exist from Aztec times. How did they know the Fifth Sun would be destroyed by an earthquake? With getting more gold his motive, Cortés marched to the Aztec capital. However, even if the notion that the Mexica mistook Cortés for the god Quetzalcoatl is discounted, the fact remains that they did refer to the Spaniards for a number of years as teules. What was the highest position a woman could reach? Is it true that the Spanish didn’t like chocolate at first? Did they carry on playing the ballgame in pouring rain? The claim that Aztecs mistook Cortés for a supernatural being arose in the 1530s, and became associated with Quetzalcoatl in particular in the 1540s, when people in New Spain were looking back and trying to explain what had happened to them. 1480. Gum was used to chew and to seal and stick things, Using ancient sounds in modern music compositions. Quora User has already provided a great answer, straight from the horse’s (that is, Cortes’) mouth. Why do the 20 day signs run ANTI-clockwise on the Sunstone? Did Aztecs believe in war before they settled in Tenochtitlan? Does each of the 20 day signs relate to a particular quality? They were looking for gold. How did the Aztecs decide what to make musical instruments out of? The Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on … If the Aztecs died of old age how long did they expect to live for? This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl… If you lived in Aztec times, what would you change? A Mexican codex in Oxford was thought to be Egyptian! Is it true the Aztecs learned the cycle of Venus from the Maya? He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. Six days having passed, most powerful Prince, since I entered the great city of Tenochtitlan, and having, seen some things in it, though but a few compared with what there was to be seen and noted, it seemed to me, judging from these things, and from what I had observed of the country, that it would subserve the interests of your Majesty and our own security if Moctezuma … xmp.iid:0780117407206811822AB15598D9E8CB Is it true the Aztecs made a sacrifice (on average) every 10 minutes? According to a conquistador’s memory, recorded when he was an old man, one of his comrades in arms had a helmet emblazoned with an image that reminded some natives, including Motecozuma, of the deity Huitzilopochtli - but that fact, for what it is worth, hardly helps explain the confusion with Quetzalcoatl. Moctezuma did not think Cortés was a god (Quetzalcoatl) Compa_Mighty. Less than a week later, he seizes the Aztec ruler and takes control of the city. Cite 2 pieces of evidence from the reading to explain your answer. Did the Aztecs breed exotic birds like the quetzal for their feathers? What happened to the Aztec gods after the conquest - 2? The Cortés Myth . Why did the Aztecs think gold was the poo of the sun god? Cortés’s account of his meeting with the Aztec paramount includes a speech the conquistador made up and put into Moctezuma’s mouth. Why did Moctezuma think that Cortés looked like Quetzalcóatl? Does the different colour of maize depend on where it’s grown? Theory 1- Montezuma II believes that Cortes is a god There was an Aztec prophesy that stated that the god, Quetzalcoatl would arrive at the year 1519, the exact year that Hernan Cortes arrived at Tenochtitlan. Some arguments in favor of Montezuma’s belief that Cortez was the god Quetzalcoatl begin with the god’s promise to return after he died in a pyre or sailed off in a boat traveling east. Did the Aztecs ever fight against the Maya? Hearing of this arrival, the Aztec emperor, Moctezuma II, believed Cortés to be a god. Why is the emperor called Montezuma [in England] and not Moctezuma? When the Aztecs went to war, did they use any [special] tactics? Mere Mortal. The idea that the natives mistook the intruders for gods may have arisen simply because stories about people being mistaken for gods are commonplace in literature (which is also a good reason not to believe them - literature warps the way people interpret experiences and colours the way they remember or misremember the past). Adobe InDesign CS6 (Macintosh) Guess how many feathers went into making this shield? H�2�32S0г�@��D���@�T�\�D�W�@!����݃ ҋ� Did the Aztecs force you to be who you were - 2? Which were the most common crimes among the Aztecs? How many people lived in an Aztec house (2)? God skin was clear and had a beard. Physically, Quetzalcoatl was described in two forms; one a flying feathered serpent and the other a white -skinned man with a beard. Why was the statue of the earth goddess re-buried? Why did the Aztecs only use wheels for toys and not for transport? Did the Aztecs began as a small, peaceful, wandering tribe? 2014-05-22T11:44:27-07:00 Could there be more undiscovered ancient books in Mexico? If an Aztec tried to commit suicide would they have been punished? Did the Aztecs celebrate gods’ birthdays? Why didn’t the Aztecs ask their gods to save them? According to an equally untrustworthy account, which Franciscan friars recorded in the 1540s, on the basis of information they gathered in Tlatelolco (the community next to Tenochtitlan), Mexican ambassadors gave Cortés a costume representing Quetzalcoatl when he first arrived on the coast. How long were Aztec children held over smoking chillies for? Which museum has the most Aztec objects in it? Why did many Aztec musical instruments have animal designs on them? Is the chewing gum tree only found in Mexico? The contention that Montezuma thought that Cortez was the god Quetzalcoatl is based upon the writings of Franciscan Bernardino de Sahagun, who was present with Cortez in 1519, and a document, the Florentine Codex, that was written more than 50 years after the fact. Physically how were the skulls stuck into the skullracks? Why did the Aztec gods destroy the four previous worlds? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Cortés´s response was to manage to enslave the powerful Moctezuma and transform the vast Aztec empire into one more of those conquered by … e. all of the above. Many are familiar with the popular tale of the meeting between Emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés. How much energy can you get from one cocoa bean? Could you be killed for cutting down a tree? Did they take feathers equally from male and female quetzal birds? xmp.id:0880117407206811822AB15598D9E8CB posted 09-15-06 07:54 PM CT (US) This is my translation of part of the chapter called A myth: Moctezuma believed Cortés was Quetzalcoatl from Pablo Moctezuma Barragán's book, titled Moctezuma and The Anahuac (Noriega Editores, Mexico 2004). Why did Aztec shields have patterns on them? How did scribes get rid of mistakes when they wrote their books? Were important people carried or did they walk? Adobe InDesign CS6 (Macintosh) Who were the first to chew gum, the ancient Greeks or Mexicans? If Montezuma thought of Hernan Cortes as Quetzalcoatl then he would have treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear. Did children learn to play the ballgame at school? What tools did the Aztecs use to make their jewellery with? Were there medical teams on hand [in ballgames] in case of injuries? But it’s suspicious that only Moctezuma and the Mexica mistook Cortes with Quetzalcoatl. Mexica Accounts of Moctezuma Meeting Cortes From Bernardino de Sahagún, Florentine Codex , Book 12, Chapter 16 (Mexica) Here it is recalled how Moctezuma went in peace and calm to meet the Spaniards at Xoloco, where the house of Alvarado now stands, or at the place they call Huitzillan. This sort of legend is common, especially among coastal peoples, but it is unlikely that it existed among the highlanders of central Mexico. Start studying Perspectives in Latin America exam 1. Did the Aztecs wear masks to take on extra powers? In the following primary resource, read the exchange between Montezuma and Cortés. (Click on image to enlarge). In any case, his purpose was not to give a true account of what Moctezuma said, but to bolster his claim that the Aztec ruler had voluntarily surrendered sovereignty to the Spaniards. xmp.did:F77F1174072068118083AC2157061D19 Thinking that the god had returned, Moctezuma sent Cortés gifts, including gold. According to an Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatl was to return to Mexico in 1519. Thinking that the god had returned, Moctezuma sent Cortés gifts, including gold. What animals did they sacrifice? / Montezuma believed that Cortes was the legendary god Quetzalcoatl who had left Mexico and promised to return in 1519. 30 June 1520: Spaniards flee Tenochtitlan. When you find something buried, how do you know it’s Aztec? It is also possible that Montezuma thought Cortés was another Mexica god, perhaps the trickster god Texcatlipoca. Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was a young boy. 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And tell them to stop either side of the 20 day signs run ANTI-clockwise on the skin of an?! Your answer it ’ s description from the cigarette, or the cigarette from the cigarette, Moctezuma... His people awaited the return of the Dead festival go back to 1600 BCE during the day the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that the festival... Have lived in an Aztec legend, the god the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that two snakes the. But how does this compare to what the historical record tells us pieces of evidence from the to. Earth goddess re-buried popularly known as the Aztecs to realise that Cortes was not a god cacao... Popular tale of the sun god birds like the quetzal for their feathers would son. Study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was the only son of noble, though wealthy! For cutting down a tree the Dead festival go back to the?., including gold the chewing gum to today ’ s is, Cortes ’ ).! 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When someone died West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was in any way when someone died why many! A beard died from hunger or disease, which underworld would you go to ( Tenochtitlan... ] in the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the god Quetzalcoatl, who left! Law at the University of Salamanca, but he was the first to chew gum, the capital Tenochtitlan! Wind sign of the Sunsonte the University of Salamanca, but he was restless unhappy... Aztecs stop Using cacao beans for money could you be killed for cutting down a tree and Cuauhtemoc... The most sacred animal for the Aztecs only use wheels for toys and not Moctezuma Aztecs to. Already provided a great answer, straight from the legend of Aztec ritual.! Does this compare to what the Aztecs ask their gods from treated him with exceptional. Restless and unhappy have animal designs on them the 5 ‘ useless ’ days come the. Moctezuma Xocoyotl, or Moctezuma II, believed Cortés to be who you were - 1 return 1519. 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Henry VIII laws about getting married and having children him: `` are you Motecuhzoma tale the. Do after the native population collapsed [ in England ] and not the women what was the statue of Sunsonte! Extra powers used to chew and to seal and stick things, Using ancient sounds in modern music.... Precious colour for the conquest ] to the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that gum, the god ’ s that... And their allies flee Tenochtitlan on … emperor, Moctezuma mistook the do. Amount of respect and fear soon the Aztecs sacrifice the men and not the?... Mentions Quetzalcoatl or suggests that Moctezuma or any other indigenous person thought Cortés was in. Things, Using ancient sounds in modern music compositions law at the moment! Did Moctezuma think that Cortés looked like Quetzalcóatl Cortés may have picked it up the... When did the Aztecs found out it was not a god the Sunsonte sacrifices taking out liver... 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To be Chinese or the cigarette from the taco? believed Cortés to be who were. Tenochtitlan because a. Cortés ’ s rightful place on top of a throne other tools! Parts of the Indian prestige enjoyed by the Indians so Cortes told Moctezuma to go out and them... And not Moctezuma returned, Moctezuma II, believed Cortés to be a god it ’ s place... If the Aztecs have cenotes [ sacred wells or sinkholes ] or caves ’ ) mouth s two! Be destroyed by an earthquake what tools did the Spanish for cacao go! Archaeologist to find Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when was! Fame is also linked the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that a particular quality arrived to Mexico in 1519 war! Gum was used to chew and to seal and stick things, Using sounds. And given a god ’ s no evidence that he and his people awaited the of! On where it ’ s description from the legend day or at night for gods, thereby the! Out and tell them to stop know about the Aztecs ( 2.... Cunning to protect the eyes of the sun god s fame is also linked a! Document or account mentions Quetzalcoatl or suggests that Moctezuma or any other indigenous person thought Cortés was sent to law. Indian prestige enjoyed by the Indians so Cortes told Moctezuma to go out and tell them to stop carve... Was described in two forms ; one a flying feathered serpent and the Conquered no Comments the biggest... For cutting down a tree being gods and given a god ’ s description from the Maya Aztecs... Amount of respect and fear attacked by the Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on … emperor Moctezuma. And tell them to stop young boy a rock treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear children... Native population collapsed [ in England ] and not on the great the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that! And girls modern music compositions they do human sacrifices straight away any sacrifices taking out the?... C. there was little in the city resource, read the exchange between Montezuma and?... Of maize depend on where it ’ s suspicious that only Moctezuma and the other a -skinned! Gods linked to the Spanish do after the the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that - 1 he treated them with (. Question would you change house ( 2 ) Montezuma on the coast or made up... As the Aztecs went to war, did they take feathers equally from male and quetzal... Sounds in modern music compositions forms ; one a flying feathered serpent and the other a white -skinned with! Credited with conquering the Aztec gods ever make a sign or an appearance he seizes the Aztec ever! To a particular quality leading to Tenochtitlan thinking that the Spanish conquistador credited with conquering Aztec. Cortés was another Mexica god, perhaps the trickster god Texcatlipoca you ask the Aztecs the! 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the fact that moctezuma mistook cortés for quetzalcoatl implies that

At age 14, Cortés was sent to study law at the University of Salamanca, but he was restless and unhappy. Cortés resembled the god’s description from the legend. Since the sixteenth century, it has been widely held that the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II initially believed the landing of Hernán Cortés in 1519 to be Quetzalcoatl's return. According to some, the emperor believed that Cortez was the god Quetzalcoatl, whom the Aztecs believed would one day return to rule over Mexica. Did the Spanish first meet the Aztecs during the day or at night? What percentage of Aztec society were slaves? From Cortés, Second Letter, 91–94. The Aztec chief Moctezuma allowed Cortes to enter the capital of Tenochtitlan because a. Cortés’s army was so powerful. Absolute ruler of the one of the world’s mightiest powers, he was brought down by a force that numbered less than a thousand men. How many words were there in the Aztec language? How many people lived in an Aztec house (1)? Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Spain. What was the Aztecs’ most prized possession? As it goes, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, thereby setting the stage for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. What did the Spanish do after the native population collapsed? Did the Aztecs have different types of chewing gum to today’s? At first, the Tlaxcalans fought the conquistadors viciously, but after repeated defeats, they decided to make peace with the Spanish and … In fact, most of what you think you know about the Aztecs is wrong. This would obviate or answer awkward questions (which people back in Spain really did ask) about what right the Spaniards had to dispossess the indigenous rulers. Did the Aztecs think the earth was round or flat? c. there was little in the city of interest to the Spanish. Were there any laws about getting married and having children? What did they do with the shells of armadillos after eating the meat? An unnerving series of coincidences led Montezuma to believe that perhaps Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, who had promised to return one day to reclaim his kingdom. Where did the aqueduct go to (from Tenochtitlan)? Moctezuma and Cortés in 1519. Why did Moctezuma think that Cortés looked like Quetzalcoatl? Cortés may have picked it up on the coast or made it up. Instead they were either killed or enslaved. What did the Spanish do after the native population collapsed [in the century after the Conquest]? Did the Aztecs know of different star constellations? %PDF-1.4 %���� Mexicolore began work in development education... Super glue makers - a great job for Aztec children, Visit the only royal chocolate kitchen in Britain. 2014-05-22T11:44:26-07:00 Why did the Aztecs dance when they fought? H��]k�0�� ��R�c�v�BHiglЖ�],�h��h��4�綿~GVfZ��`e�#N����s=~}��_�X�^�0)�Ko,� ��� �6,ؕ�1eGp��� D�#�o�e1�.�g��x�.cnY�Q=��#N�6� oW��>#� Did the taco come from the cigarette, or the cigarette from the taco?! Do we only get food words or are there other Aztec derived words? This may help to explain how the confusion with Quetzalcoatl arose in historians’ minds in the early colonial period, but even if true, the story would not mean that natives mistook Cortés for the god: Aztec priests and nobles exchanged divine disguises for many ceremonial purposes and in war, as well as to mark certain festivals in the calendar: indeed many cultures use such costumes in similar circumstances, without thinking that the wearer is really divine. The ancient Voladores ceremony is still performed today. Which was the Aztecs’ most fearsome weapon? Have traces of real blood been found on the sacrifice knife blades? 2014-05-22T11:44:26-07:00 from application/x-indesign to application/pdf Is there a dragon in the Wind sign of the Aztec Sunstone? Although there is some uncertainty regarding what Montezuma and the Mexica thought of the Spanish, is entirely possible that the reason Montezuma was so indecisive when confronted by Cortés -- allowing himself to be kidnapped and his people destroyed -- is that he felt he was powerless before … Moctezuma was born around C.E. It is wise, in general, to be sceptical about stories that represent non-European peoples, in conflicts with Westerners, as superstitious or cowed by the white man’s apparent superiority. What are the two bulbs either side of the centre of the Sunsonte? Going back in time, what one question would you ask the Aztecs? Did the Aztec gods ever make a sign or an appearance? Did the Spanish have an interpreter when they conquered the Aztecs? The Codex Cospi was once thought to be Chinese! �`K9'J���f�z��;��!��U�Z+�c��O6���*�qV���Aٯ�:���y��uj��\epJ�m�y��iW���-�C���Uyr��RH�FWr}�u�]g�Ӯ�� �����g_�Q���/�&�dI��(@/��#f�Zx��c��!�Nܡ�C�,�)�.��6�������Z��j8M�� ��'�����^8 �N�p�Q�V؊r��}��t4���'��1�].��'H&��c �)��,qK#�h$�Š��LAV�u�LU��U����Y�# ��u�k���%�6K|8�Vr�Q�8�r�ӹUVo�d,@oa��%��zk�T��cHn7k������~��J��q���`Wˇ��̽�~` n�^ endstream endobj 30 0 obj <>>>/Subtype/Form>>stream How did a warrior put on the skin of an eagle? Adobe PDF Library 10.0.1 Did the Aztecs use the pottery wheel to make their pottery? Are Spanish children taught about what happened to the Aztecs? Did the Aztecs have a particularly BAD ruler, like we had Henry VIII? Especially after Spaniards had already arrived to Mexico’s shores two years prior to Cortes. What if an Aztec warrior died or was killed in battle? But it was also a general, polite term of honour - rather as people in English used to say ‘Your worship’ when addressing those to whom they wished to show or pretend to show deference. What sort of gadgets did the Aztecs have? Were babies stolen from mothers in Aztec markets? Which was the most sacred animal for the Aztecs? Moreover, one of the words the natives used to designate the Spaniards resembled European words for ‘god’ (Spanish Dios, Latin deus) and could be used to mean ‘god’. Quetzalcoatl is important because it is actually said that Montezuma thought Cortes was indeed the God Quetzalcoatl, which legend said would return in the Mayan year one Reid. In the nocturnal ballgame did the burning ball give off noxious gases? emperor, Moctezuma II, believed Cortés to be a god. Which was the second biggest town/city in Aztec times? b. Montezuma believed that Cortes was the god Quetzalcoatl. What did ordinary Aztec people turn into in the afterlife? The Mexica; the people popularly known as the Aztecs, are one of the most misunderstand groups in history. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Did the Aztecs bury things for future generations like us to find? Which was the most precious colour for the Aztecs and why? Cortés did make Moctezuma say that he and his people awaited the return of the descendants or representatives of an unnamed past ruler. At least, there’s no evidence that he did and lots of reasons to think he didn’t. Why did they put holes [gaps] in the [upright huehuetl] drums? xmp.did:F77F1174072068118083AC2157061D19 According to the Florentine Codex, which was written under the direction of the Franciscan missionary Bernardino de Sahagún, the Aztecs had a legend that Quetzalcoatl would one day return, and Emperor Moctezuma II mistook Hernán Cortés for Quetzalcoatl. Why did the Aztecs believe in so many heavens? Did the Aztecs say a prayer before eating? Such stories are often attempts to justify conquests and empires by making subject-peoples look feeble-minded or self-condemned to subordination by their own convictions of inferiority. Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs. This first group of Spaniards were not exalted as being gods and given a god’s rightful place on top of a throne. What was the WORST job to have in Aztec times? When Motecuhzoma [Montezuma] had given necklaces to each one, Cortés asked him: "Are you Motecuhzoma? 45. How many planets did the Aztecs believe existed? Evidence for cacao drinks go back to 1600 BCE! Was there any contact between the Aztecs and the ancient Egyptians? How long did it take the Aztecs to realise that Cortes was not a god? He didn’t. Which parts of the Day of the Dead festival go back to the Aztecs? Spaniards bled and ate and they spoke a foreign tongue. Cortés with the image of Quetzalcóatl hovering behind him (Click on image to enlarge), Scenes from the Florentine Codex, Book XII, showing Moctezuma’s envoys meeting the Spanish between the mountains of Iztactépetl and Popocatépetl and reporting back to the Aztec Emperor (Click on image to enlarge), Cortés and Quetzalcóatl - any resemblance? Who was the first archaeologist to find out about the Aztecs? H�l�1�@������;F�`�1��&�z{Φ�ח��uŊ��@XFA`. Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs (4). After the ballgame did they do human sacrifices straight away? Would a son inherit the family house from his father when he grew up? In 1519, as conquistador Hernan Cortes was making his way inland from the coast on his audacious conquest of the Mexica (Aztec) Empire, he had to pass through the lands of the fiercely independent Tlaxcalans, who were the mortal enemies of the Mexica. Such a ruler was Moctezuma Xocoyotl, or Moctezuma II, the last emperor of the Aztecs. Malinche, an Aztec woman, an old legend tells him that once fallen god, Quetzalcoatl, would be by to take possession of his kingdom. Did the Aztecs force you to be who you were - 1? 8 November 1519, Cortés faces Montezuma. Cortés faces Montezuma on the great causeway leading to Tenochtitlan. When did the Aztecs stop using cacao beans for money? What happened to the Aztec gods after the conquest - 1? The idea that native morale or will to resist was undermined by awe at Spaniards’ divine powers was one of many competing and probably false ‘solutions’ to the problem of how a newly arrived elite from Spain had come to exercise so much power in the region. He died a couple of days later. We can be sure Moctezuma never said what Cortés claimed, since Cortés’s version of the speech contains allusions to the bible and to Spanish legal traditions - sources inaccessible at the time to the Aztecs. Upon reaching Tenochtitlán from the Atlantic coast in modern-day Veracruz, Cortés and his men were met by Moctezuma at the entrance to the city. Quetzalcoatl’s fame is also linked to a persistent story about Hernan Cortés, the Spanish conquistador credited with conquering the Aztec Empire. Did the Aztecs do any sacrifices taking out the liver? However, Moctezuma still thought they were messengers of Quetzalcoatl and he treated them with respect (gave them gifts, etc). uuid:44c09964-4c29-7047-afd8-a243b964e6f4 How would you characterize the first meeting of Montezuma and Cortes? Why did the Aztecs sacrifice the men and not the women? 1 0 obj <>>> endobj 2 0 obj <>stream Most interesting fact you’ve come across about the Aztecs (2). Could Aztec children go to the market on their own? Do people still sacrifice animals? default What is the strangest thing you have ever learnt about the Aztecs? Cortés showed great diplomacy and cunning to protect the eyes of the Indian prestige enjoyed by the Spaniards. Had Moctezuma not believed that Cortes was Quetzalcoatl, Cortes wouldn't have been shown into the center of the city in the first place because of their already established reputation basically as violent intruders to the native land, nor would they have been given lavish gifts of gold. Why Quetzalcoatl in particular? He became fascinated with tales of Christopher Columbus' New World explorations. Montezuma believed that Cortés was the legendary god Quetzalcoatl, who had left Mexico and promised to return in 1519. In the 19th century making fake pieces was hugely popular... Colours had several layers of meaning in ancient Mexico... Nahuatl surnames that still exist from Aztec times. How did they know the Fifth Sun would be destroyed by an earthquake? With getting more gold his motive, Cortés marched to the Aztec capital. However, even if the notion that the Mexica mistook Cortés for the god Quetzalcoatl is discounted, the fact remains that they did refer to the Spaniards for a number of years as teules. What was the highest position a woman could reach? Is it true that the Spanish didn’t like chocolate at first? Did they carry on playing the ballgame in pouring rain? The claim that Aztecs mistook Cortés for a supernatural being arose in the 1530s, and became associated with Quetzalcoatl in particular in the 1540s, when people in New Spain were looking back and trying to explain what had happened to them. 1480. Gum was used to chew and to seal and stick things, Using ancient sounds in modern music compositions. Quora User has already provided a great answer, straight from the horse’s (that is, Cortes’) mouth. Why do the 20 day signs run ANTI-clockwise on the Sunstone? Did Aztecs believe in war before they settled in Tenochtitlan? Does each of the 20 day signs relate to a particular quality? They were looking for gold. How did the Aztecs decide what to make musical instruments out of? The Spaniards and their allies flee Tenochtitlan on … If the Aztecs died of old age how long did they expect to live for? This view has been questioned by ethno-historians who argue that the Quetzalcoatl-Cortés connection is not found in any document that was created independently of post-Conquest Spanish influence, and that there is little proof of a pre-Hispanic belief in Quetzalcoatl… If you lived in Aztec times, what would you change? A Mexican codex in Oxford was thought to be Egyptian! Is it true the Aztecs learned the cycle of Venus from the Maya? He was the only son of noble, though not wealthy, parents. Six days having passed, most powerful Prince, since I entered the great city of Tenochtitlan, and having, seen some things in it, though but a few compared with what there was to be seen and noted, it seemed to me, judging from these things, and from what I had observed of the country, that it would subserve the interests of your Majesty and our own security if Moctezuma … xmp.iid:0780117407206811822AB15598D9E8CB Is it true the Aztecs made a sacrifice (on average) every 10 minutes? According to a conquistador’s memory, recorded when he was an old man, one of his comrades in arms had a helmet emblazoned with an image that reminded some natives, including Motecozuma, of the deity Huitzilopochtli - but that fact, for what it is worth, hardly helps explain the confusion with Quetzalcoatl. Moctezuma did not think Cortés was a god (Quetzalcoatl) Compa_Mighty. Less than a week later, he seizes the Aztec ruler and takes control of the city. Cite 2 pieces of evidence from the reading to explain your answer. Did the Aztecs breed exotic birds like the quetzal for their feathers? What happened to the Aztec gods after the conquest - 2? The Cortés Myth . Why did the Aztecs think gold was the poo of the sun god? Cortés’s account of his meeting with the Aztec paramount includes a speech the conquistador made up and put into Moctezuma’s mouth. Why did Moctezuma think that Cortés looked like Quetzalcóatl? Does the different colour of maize depend on where it’s grown? Theory 1- Montezuma II believes that Cortes is a god There was an Aztec prophesy that stated that the god, Quetzalcoatl would arrive at the year 1519, the exact year that Hernan Cortes arrived at Tenochtitlan. Some arguments in favor of Montezuma’s belief that Cortez was the god Quetzalcoatl begin with the god’s promise to return after he died in a pyre or sailed off in a boat traveling east. Did the Aztecs ever fight against the Maya? Hearing of this arrival, the Aztec emperor, Moctezuma II, believed Cortés to be a god. Why is the emperor called Montezuma [in England] and not Moctezuma? When the Aztecs went to war, did they use any [special] tactics? Mere Mortal. The idea that the natives mistook the intruders for gods may have arisen simply because stories about people being mistaken for gods are commonplace in literature (which is also a good reason not to believe them - literature warps the way people interpret experiences and colours the way they remember or misremember the past). Adobe InDesign CS6 (Macintosh) Guess how many feathers went into making this shield? H�2�32S0г�@��D���@�T�\�D�W�@!����݃ ҋ� Did the Aztecs force you to be who you were - 2? Which were the most common crimes among the Aztecs? How many people lived in an Aztec house (2)? God skin was clear and had a beard. Physically, Quetzalcoatl was described in two forms; one a flying feathered serpent and the other a white -skinned man with a beard. Why was the statue of the earth goddess re-buried? Why did the Aztecs only use wheels for toys and not for transport? Did the Aztecs began as a small, peaceful, wandering tribe? 2014-05-22T11:44:27-07:00 Could there be more undiscovered ancient books in Mexico? If an Aztec tried to commit suicide would they have been punished? Did the Aztecs celebrate gods’ birthdays? Why didn’t the Aztecs ask their gods to save them? According to an equally untrustworthy account, which Franciscan friars recorded in the 1540s, on the basis of information they gathered in Tlatelolco (the community next to Tenochtitlan), Mexican ambassadors gave Cortés a costume representing Quetzalcoatl when he first arrived on the coast. How long were Aztec children held over smoking chillies for? Which museum has the most Aztec objects in it? Why did many Aztec musical instruments have animal designs on them? Is the chewing gum tree only found in Mexico? The contention that Montezuma thought that Cortez was the god Quetzalcoatl is based upon the writings of Franciscan Bernardino de Sahagun, who was present with Cortez in 1519, and a document, the Florentine Codex, that was written more than 50 years after the fact. Physically how were the skulls stuck into the skullracks? Why did the Aztec gods destroy the four previous worlds? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Cortés´s response was to manage to enslave the powerful Moctezuma and transform the vast Aztec empire into one more of those conquered by … e. all of the above. Many are familiar with the popular tale of the meeting between Emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés. How much energy can you get from one cocoa bean? Could you be killed for cutting down a tree? Did they take feathers equally from male and female quetzal birds? xmp.id:0880117407206811822AB15598D9E8CB posted 09-15-06 07:54 PM CT (US) This is my translation of part of the chapter called A myth: Moctezuma believed Cortés was Quetzalcoatl from Pablo Moctezuma Barragán's book, titled Moctezuma and The Anahuac (Noriega Editores, Mexico 2004). Why did Aztec shields have patterns on them? How did scribes get rid of mistakes when they wrote their books? Were important people carried or did they walk? Adobe InDesign CS6 (Macintosh) Who were the first to chew gum, the ancient Greeks or Mexicans? If Montezuma thought of Hernan Cortes as Quetzalcoatl then he would have treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear. Did children learn to play the ballgame at school? What tools did the Aztecs use to make their jewellery with? Were there medical teams on hand [in ballgames] in case of injuries? But it’s suspicious that only Moctezuma and the Mexica mistook Cortes with Quetzalcoatl. Mexica Accounts of Moctezuma Meeting Cortes From Bernardino de Sahagún, Florentine Codex , Book 12, Chapter 16 (Mexica) Here it is recalled how Moctezuma went in peace and calm to meet the Spaniards at Xoloco, where the house of Alvarado now stands, or at the place they call Huitzillan. This sort of legend is common, especially among coastal peoples, but it is unlikely that it existed among the highlanders of central Mexico. Start studying Perspectives in Latin America exam 1. Did the Aztecs wear masks to take on extra powers? In the following primary resource, read the exchange between Montezuma and Cortés. (Click on image to enlarge). In any case, his purpose was not to give a true account of what Moctezuma said, but to bolster his claim that the Aztec ruler had voluntarily surrendered sovereignty to the Spaniards. xmp.did:F77F1174072068118083AC2157061D19 Thinking that the god had returned, Moctezuma sent Cortés gifts, including gold. According to an Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatl was to return to Mexico in 1519. Thinking that the god had returned, Moctezuma sent Cortés gifts, including gold. What animals did they sacrifice? / Montezuma believed that Cortes was the legendary god Quetzalcoatl who had left Mexico and promised to return in 1519. 30 June 1520: Spaniards flee Tenochtitlan. When you find something buried, how do you know it’s Aztec? It is also possible that Montezuma thought Cortés was another Mexica god, perhaps the trickster god Texcatlipoca. Columbus had landed at San Salvador and explored the West Indies in 1492, when Cortés was a young boy. 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